MRI Test For Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, a male reproductive gland. As men ages, they start to have problems that relate to prostate glands. Infection and tumors can develop in the prostate gland. Men in their 50s are advised to undergo prostate examination every year to prevent prostate cancer. Most of the time the tumors that grow on the prostrate are non-malignant, but occasionally they turn out to be cancerous.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive medical test that helps physician diagnose and treat medical conditions. It is a form of medical imaging that measures the response of the atomic nuclei of body tissues to high-frequency radio waves when placed in a strong magnetic field, and that produces images of the internal organs. After the image is taken, it can be inspected on a computer monitor, transferred electronically, printed or copied to a CD.

The surgeon may request an MRI of a prostate gland for a number of reasons:

 

1. To distinctly view the magnitude of prostate cancer (particularly to view if the cancer is within the prostate gland or if it has spread outside the gland).

2. It is one way of showing any indication of prostate cancer or if the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is high. PSA is a substance that the prostate produces, which can be measured in a blood sample. Prostate cancer, as well as the infection of the prostate gland (prostatis), may contribute to the increased level of PSA.

3. Radiotherapy treatment can be easily planned with the help of an MRI.

4. After treatment, it is used to inspect if any of the cancer cells have grown back.

 

The doctor can often tell from looking at any tumors found what type of cancer it is likely to be, allowing them to determine the best treatment options much more easily. The more information the doctor has about the cancer, the more effective the treatment is.

Robot-assisted surgery is now the most popular laparoscopic procedure and treatment for prostate cancer, offering lesser complications and faster recovery after prostatectomy. A research was made to look into the robotic prostate surgery and it was found out that 117 prostate cancer men has short stay in the hospital and were able to bounce back with their normal physical activities, including sexual intercourse. The use of robotic surgery has been also acknowledged in urologic surgery due to its ability to preserve the functions of a kidney. However, there are people who believe that the benefits may not seem realistic.

 

References:

prostate-cancer.org/mri-in-prostate-cancer/

radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=mr_prostate

insideradiology.com.au/pages/view.php?T_id=122#.UtPhDdIW2lM

cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-diagnosis

 

 

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